What constitutes risk of future maltreatment among young mothers? An examination of child protection investigations in Ontario, Canada. Families in Society, 100(4), 409–421. King, B., Fallon, B., Goulden, A., O’Connor, C., & Filippelli, J. (2019).

RESOURCE King, B., Fallon, B., Goulden, A., O’Connor, C., & Filippelli, J. (2019). What constitutes risk of future maltreatment among young mothers? An examination of child protection investigations in Ontario, Canada. Families in Society, 100(4), 409–421.     Purpose  Research indicates that young mothers face multiple long-term physical, emotional, social and psychological challenges, consequently increasing their child(ren)’s risk of being investigated for maltreatment by child welfare services (CWS). Studies have found that young mothers are more likely to have increased risk conditions and behaviours, a history of being personally involved with the child welfare system, and are at greater risk of being [...]

Racial and ethnic disparities: A population-based examination of risk factors for involvement with child protective services. Child Abuse and Neglect. Putnam-Hornstein, E., Needell, B., King, B., Johnson-Motoyama, M

RESOURCE Putnam-Hornstein, E., Needell, B., King, B., Johnson-Motoyama, M. (2013). Racial and ethnic disparities: A population-based examination of risk factors for involvement with child protective services. Child Abuse and Neglect, 37, 33-46.    Purpose   In the United States, there has been evidence showing a disparity between racialized children and their families’ involvement with Child Protective Services (CPS), when compared to their white counterparts. It was concluded that the overrepresentation of Black children in CPS was the consequence of differential treatment when reporting, substantiating, and removing Black children based on their race rather than risk factors. The purpose of this study was to explore whether individual and family-level risk [...]

Early childbirth among foster youth: A latent class analysis to determine subgroups at increased risk. Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health, 51(4). King, B., Eastman, A. L., Grinnell‐Davis, C., & Aparicio, E. (2019).

RESOURCE King, B., Eastman, A. L., Grinnell‐Davis, C., & Aparicio, E. (2019). Early childbirth among foster youth: A latent class analysis to determine subgroups at increased risk. Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health, 51(4).    Purpose  Though the overall adolescent birth rate has declined in the United States, maltreated youth involved with the child welfare system, whether from home or in foster care during their mid-to-late adolescence, continue to be at a higher risk for early childbirth. For youth in care, studies have shown that the increased risk could be due to shorter placements, placement instability, type of placement [...]

Factors associated with racial differences in child welfare investigative decision-making in Ontario, Canada. Child Abuse & Neglect, 73, 89–105. King, B., Fallon, B., Boyd, R., Black, T., Antwi-Boasiako, K., & O’Connor, C. 

RESOURCE King, B., Fallon, B., Boyd, R., Black, T., Antwi-Boasiako, K., & O’Connor, C. (2017). Factors associated with racial differences in child welfare investigative decision-making in Ontario, Canada. Child Abuse & Neglect, 73, 89–105.  Well documented research in the United States shows that children and families of certain racial minority backgrounds are disproportionately and disparately referred, substantiated, removed, and in out-of-home care longer than more privileged races. Although there has been numerous studies conducted in the United States about this discrepancy, the findings cannot be generalizable to social services in Canada. Therefore, this study explores whether the disproportionate and disparate rates of Black children and families [...]

Early childbirth among foster youth: A latent class analysis to determine subgroups at increased risk. Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health. King, B., Eastman, A. L., Grinnell‐Davis, C., & Aparicio, E. (2019).

RESOURCE King, B., Eastman, A. L., Grinnell‐Davis, C., & Aparicio, E. (2019). Early childbirth among foster youth: A latent class analysis to determine subgroups at increased risk. Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health, 51(4).   Purpose  Though the overall adolescent birth rate has declined in the United States, maltreated youth involved with the child welfare system, whether from home or in foster care during their mid-to-late adolescence, continue to be at a higher risk for early childbirth. For youth in care, studies have shown that the increased risk could be due to shorter placements, placement instability, type of placement [...]

Differences and disparities over time: Black and white families investigated by Ontario’s child welfare system. Child Abuse and Neglect. Antwi-Boasiako, K., King, B., Fallon, B., Trocme, N., Fluke, J., Chabot, M., Esposito, T.

RESOURCE Antwi-Boasiako, K., King, B., Fallon, B., Trocme, N., Fluke, J., Chabot, M., Esposito, T. (2020). Differences and disparities over time: Black and white families investigated by Ontario’s child welfare system. Child Abuse and Neglect. 107, 1-12.  Purpose   Decades of research in the United States show the disproportionate and disparate representation of Black children and families involved with the child welfare system compared to white children and families. However, limited research for the racial disproportionality and disparity for Black children within child welfare services has been conducted in Ontario; Most of the focus has been on the First Nations, Metis and Inuit children. Many [...]

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