Research

Racial and ethnic disparities: A population-based examination of risk factors for involvement with child protective services. Child Abuse and Neglect. Putnam-Hornstein, E., Needell, B., King, B., Johnson-Motoyama, M

RESOURSE Putnam-Hornstein, E., Needell, B., King, B., Johnson-Motoyama, M. (2013). Racial and ethnic disparities: A population-based examination of risk factors for involvement with child protective services. Child Abuse and Neglect, 37, 33-46.    Purpose   In the United States, there has been evidence showing a disparity between racialized children and their families’ involvement with Child Protective Services (CPS), when compared to their white counterparts. It was concluded that the overrepresentation of Black children in CPS was the consequence of differential treatment when reporting, substantiating, and removing Black children based on their race rather than risk factors. The purpose of this study was to explore whether individual and family-level risk [...]

Early childbirth among foster youth: A latent class analysis to determine subgroups at increased risk. Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health, 51(4). King, B., Eastman, A. L., Grinnell‐Davis, C., & Aparicio, E. (2019).

RESOURSE King, B., Eastman, A. L., Grinnell‐Davis, C., & Aparicio, E. (2019). Early childbirth among foster youth: A latent class analysis to determine subgroups at increased risk. Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health, 51(4).    Purpose  Though the overall adolescent birth rate has declined in the United States, maltreated youth involved with the child welfare system, whether from home or in foster care during their mid-to-late adolescence, continue to be at a higher risk for early childbirth. For youth in care, studies have shown that the increased risk could be due to shorter placements, placement instability, type of placement [...]

Early childbirth among foster youth: A latent class analysis to determine subgroups at increased risk. Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health. King, B., Eastman, A. L., Grinnell‐Davis, C., & Aparicio, E. (2019).

RESOURSE King, B., Eastman, A. L., Grinnell‐Davis, C., & Aparicio, E. (2019). Early childbirth among foster youth: A latent class analysis to determine subgroups at increased risk. Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health, 51(4).   Purpose  Though the overall adolescent birth rate has declined in the United States, maltreated youth involved with the child welfare system, whether from home or in foster care during their mid-to-late adolescence, continue to be at a higher risk for early childbirth. For youth in care, studies have shown that the increased risk could be due to shorter placements, placement instability, type of placement [...]

Differences and disparities over time: Black and white families investigated by Ontario’s child welfare system. Child Abuse and Neglect. Antwi-Boasiako, K., King, B., Fallon, B., Trocme, N., Fluke, J., Chabot, M., Esposito, T.

RESOURSE Antwi-Boasiako, K., King, B., Fallon, B., Trocme, N., Fluke, J., Chabot, M., Esposito, T. (2020). Differences and disparities over time: Black and white families investigated by Ontario’s child welfare system. Child Abuse and Neglect. 107, 1-12.  Purpose   Decades of research in the United States show the disproportionate and disparate representation of Black children and families involved with the child welfare system compared to white children and families. However, limited research for the racial disproportionality and disparity for Black children within child welfare services has been conducted in Ontario; Most of the focus has been on the First Nations, Metis and Inuit children. Many [...]

“This research is cool”: Engaging youth experiencing homelessness in research on reproductive and sexual health. Begun, S.., Weber, A., Spring, J., Arora, S., Frey, C., & Fortin, A.

RESOURSE Begun, S.., Weber, A., Spring, J., Arora, S., Frey, C., & Fortin, A. (2020). “This research is cool”: Engaging youth experiencing homelessness in research on reproductive and sexual health. Social Work in Public Health, 35(5), 271-281. doi: 10.1080/19371918.2020.1791296  Purpose  The goal of this research was to challenge narratives that depict homeless youth as difficult to engage in programs and initiatives. There is also a lack of research examining the reproductive and sexual health of homeless youth and understanding their perspectives of their involvement in research.   Theory  The homeless population has often been excluded from several services due to the commonly held belief that they are difficult to engage.   Studies have [...]

Social support and pregnancy attitudes among youth experiencing homelessness. Begun, S., Barman-Adhikari, A., O’Connor, C., & Rice, E. (2020)

RESOURSE Begun, S., Barman-Adhikari, A., O’Connor, C., & Rice, E. (2020). Social support and pregnancy attitudes among youth experiencing homelessness. Children & Youth Services Review, 113. doi: 10.1016/j.childyouth.2020.104959  Purpose  Youth experiencing homelessness demonstrate high rates of pregnancy and pregnancy involvement. Some homeless youth such as homeless women view pregnancy positively; research has depicted this group’s pro-pregnancy attitudes as a function of youth being in desperate need of resources, such as money, food, clothing, housing, and healthcare. However, knowledge of the association between youths’ receipt of specific sources and types of social support and their pregnancy attitudes is limited. The study’s core focus was to examine whether specific forms of social [...]

‘It is Medicine’: Narratives of Healing from the Aotearoa Digital Storytelling as Indigenous Media Project. Beltrán, R., & Begun, S. (2014).

RESOURSE Beltrán, R., & Begun, S. (2014). ‘It is Medicine’: Narratives of Healing from the Aotearoa Digital Storytelling as Indigenous Media Project (ADSIMP). Psychology and Developing Societies, 26(2), 155–179. https://doi.org/10.1177/0971333614549137  Purpose  Using an Indigenous methodological approach to research, this article explores lived experience narratives from Māori university students, faculty and staff who participated in a community-based digital storytelling (DS) workshop in Aotearoa. Digital storytelling is known to positively transform the experiences of historically ongoing traumas in Indigenous communities. A primary goal of this article is raise awareness to the use of narrative and digital storytelling as a healing, protective tool to reduce the negative impact that historical trauma (HT) has on [...]

“I know they would kill me”: Abortion attitudes and experiences among youth experiencing homelessness. Begun, S., Combs, K. M., Schwan, K., Torrie, M., & Bender, K.

RESOURSE Begun, S., Combs, K. M., Schwan, K., Torrie, M., & Bender, K. (in press). “I know they would kill me”: Abortion attitudes and experiences among youth experiencing homelessness. Youth & Society, 52(8), 1457-1478. doi: 10.1177/0044118X18820661  A significant amount of studies show that the most difficult challenge associated with youth homelessness is making decisions surrounding pregnancy. Compared to youth who are housed, pregnancy rates within the homeless youth population is 4-8 times higher. Although, a significant amount of research has been conducted on the experiences of pregnancy among this group, a gap continues to exist in the research on abortion related experiences of homeless youth. A phenomenological study was conducted to investigate decision-making processes, abortion attitudes and day-to-day experiences of homeless youth in the United States with a focus on how [...]

Homeless youths’ interests in social action via Photovoice. Bender, K., Begun, S., Dunn, K., DeChants, J., & Mackay, E.

RESOURSE Bender, K., Begun, S., Dunn, K., DeChants, J., & Mackay, E. (2018). Homeless youths’ interests in social action via Photovoice. Journal of Community Practice, 26(1), 107-120. doi: 10.1080/10705422.2017.1413027  Purpose  Homeless youth have been viewed as difficult to engage, which may play a role on the lack of photovoice specific research among this population. They may not be as engaged with such approaches as they carry a mistrust towards service providers, and may view service providers as judgmental. Photovoice approaches have a goal to involve youth, provide them with the opportunity to feel empowered and reflect on social issues that they want to see improvements in. Thus, this study examines the motivating factors that may encourage homeless youth to participate in photovoice, the kinds of social [...]

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